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Research Articles


1.     J. Toguri, Anna-Maria Szczesniak, Robert Laprairie, Alex Straiker, Olivia Oehler, Heather Bradshaw, Emma Leishman, Eileen Denovan-Wright, Christian Lehmann, and Melanie Kelly.  Cannabinoid 2 receptor agonism decreases endotoxin-induced ocular inflammation via a macrophage- and mitogen-activated protein kinase-dependent mechanism. J Leukocyte Bio 2016 (submitted)

2.     Sally Miller, Natalia Murataeva, Emma Leishman, Sherry Shujung Hu, Alhasan Elghouche, Laura Daily, Heather Bradshaw, Alex Straiker. Harnessing the endocannabinoid 2-AG to lower intraocular pressure in a murine model. IOVS 2016 (accepted).

3.     Tung L-W, Lu G-L, Lee Y-H, Yu L, Lee JS, Leishman E, Bradshaw H, Hwang L-L, Hung M-S, Mackie K, Zimmer A, and Chiou L-C. Orexins contribute to restraint stress-induced cocaine relapse by endocannabinoid-mediated disinhibition of dopaminergic neurons. Nature Communications 2016 (accepted) 

4.     Murataeva N, Dhopeshwarkar A, Yin D, Mitjavila J, Bradshaw H, Straiker A, Mackie K. Where's my entourage? The curious case of 2-oleoylglycerol, 2-linolenoylglycerol, and 2-palmitoylglycerol.Pharmacol Res. 2016 Apr 23. pii: S1043-6618(16)30334-6. doi: 10.1016/j.phrs.2016.04.015. [Epub ahead of print]

5.     Carry L, Slivicki R, Leishman, E, Bradshaw HB, Hohmann A.  A pro-nociceptive phenotype revealed in mice lacking the anandamide hydrolyzing enzyme fatty-acid amide hydrolase.  Mol Pain. 2016 May 13;12. pii: 1744806916649192. Print 2016.

6.     Leishman E, Cornett B, Spork K, Straiker A, Mackie, K, and Bradshaw HB*.  Broad impact of deleting endogenous cannabinoid hydrolyzing enzymes and the cannabinoid receptor CB1 on the endogenous cannabinoid-related lipidome in eight regions of the mouse brain. Pharmacol Res. 2016 Apr 22. pii: S1043-6618(16)30344-9. doi: 10.1016/j.phrs.2016.04.020. [Epub ahead of print]PMID: 27109320

7.     Leishman, E, Mackie, K, Luguet S, and Bradshaw HB*.  Lipidomics profile of a NAPE-PLD KO mouse provides evidence of a broader role of this enzyme in lipid metabolism in the brain. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2016 Jun;1861(6):491-500. doi: 10.1016/j.bbalip.2016.03.003. Epub 2016 Mar 5.PMID: 26956082

8.     Sun X, Deng W, Li Y, Tang S, Leishman E, Bradshaw H and Dey SK. Endocannabinoid overload confers susceptibility to inflammation-induced preterm birth. J Biol Chem. 2016 Apr 8;291(15):8231-40. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M115.707836. Epub 2016 Feb 21. PMID:    26900150  

9.     Bradshaw HB*, Leishman E.  Levels of bioactive lipids in cooking oils: olive oil is the richest source of oleoyl serine. J Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol. 2015 Nov 13. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26565552

10. Wolfson ML, Correa F, Leishman E, Vercelli C, Cymeryng C, Blanco J, Bradshaw HB, Franchi AM. Lipopolysaccharide-induced murine embryonic resorption involves changes in endocannabinoid profiling and alters progesterone secretion and inflammatory response by a CB1-mediated fashion. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2015 Aug 15;411:214-22. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2015.04.032. Epub 2015 May 6.  PMID: 25958042

11. Murataeva N, Li S, Oehler O, Miller S, Dhopeshwarkar A, Hu SS, Bonanno JA, Bradshaw H, Mackie K, McHugh D, Straiker A. Cannabinoid-induced chemotaxis in bovine corneal epithelial cells. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015 May 1;56(5):3304-13. doi: 10.1167/iovs.14-15675. PMID:26024113

12. Woolcott OO, Richey JM, Kabir M, Chow RH, Iyer MS, Kirkman EL, Stefanovski D, Lottati M, Kim SP, Harrison LN, Ionut V, Zheng D, Hsu IR, Catalano KJ, Chiu JD, Bradshaw H, Wu Q, Bergman RN. High-Fat Diet-Induced Insulin Resistance Does Not Increase Plasma Anandamide Levels or Potentiate Anandamide Insulinotropic Effect in Isolated Canine Islets. PLoS One. 2015 Apr 9;10(4):e0123558. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0123558.

13. Crowe MS, Leishman E, Banks ML, Gujjar R, Mahadevan A, Bradshaw HB, Kinsey SG.  Dual inhibition of monoacylglycerol lipase and cyclooxygenases synergistically reduces neuropathic pain in mice. Br J Pharmacol. 2014 Nov 13. doi: 10.1111/bph.13012. PMID: 25393148

14. Raboune S, Stuart JM, Leishman E, Takacs SM, Rhodes B, Basnet A, Jameyfield E, McHugh D, Widlanski T, Bradshaw HB.*  Novel endogenous N-acyl amides activate TRPV1-4 receptors, BV-2 microglia, and are regulated in brain in an acute model of inflammation.  Front Cell Neurosci. 2014 Aug 1;8:195. doi: 10.3389/fncel.2014.00195. eCollection 2014

15. Balakrishna S, Song W, Achanta S, Doran SF, Liu B, Kaelberer MM, Yu Z, Sui A, Cheung M, Leishman E, Eidam HS, Ye G, Willette RN, Thorneloe KS, Bradshaw HB, Matalon S, Jordt SE. TRPV4 inhibition counteracts edema and inflammation and improves pulmonary function and oxygen saturation in chemically induced acute lung injury.  Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2014 Jul 15;307(2):L158-72. doi: 10.1152/ajplung.00065.2014. Epub 2014 May 16

16. Sałaga M, Mokrowiecka A, Zakrzewski PK, Cygankiewicz A, Leishman E, Sobczak M, Zatorski H, Małecka-Panas E, Kordek R, Storr M, Krajewska WM, Bradshaw HB, Fichna J Experimental colitis in mice is attenuated by changes in the levels of endocannabinoid metabolites induced by selective inhibition of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH).J Crohns Colitis. 2014 Sep 1;8(9):998-1009. doi: 10.1016/j.crohns.2014.01.025. Epub 2014 Feb 14.

17. Morgan D, Davis B, Kearn C, Cook A, Wager-Miller J, Straiker A, Myoga M, Andrews MJ, Marcus D, Stuart J, Leishman E. Sim-Selley L, Czyzyk T, Selley D, Bradshaw H, and Kenneth Mackie. Mutation of putative GRK phosphorylation sites in the cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) confers resistance to cannabinoid tolerance and hypersensitivity to cannabinoids in mice."  J Neurosci. 2014 Apr 9;34(15):5152-63. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3445-12.2014.

18. Fichna J, Maciej S, Stuart J, Saur D, Sobczak M, Timmermans J-P, Bradshaw HB, Ahn K, and Storr M. Selective inhibition of FAAH produces anti-diarrheal and antinociceptive effect mediated by endocannabinoids and cannabinoid-like fatty acid amides. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2014 Apr;26(4):470-81. doi: 10.1111/nmo.12272. Epub 2013 Dec 3

19. McHugh D, Roskowski D, Xie S, and Bradshaw HB*.  ∆9-THC and N-arachidonoyl glycine regulate BV-2 microglial morphology and cytokine release plasticity. Front Pharmacol. 2014 Jan 2;4:162. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2013.00162. eCollection 2014.PMID:24427137

20. Wu C-S, Morgan D, Jew CP, Haskins C, Andrews MJ, Spencer CM, Czyzyk T, Leishman E, Bradshaw H, Mackie K, Lu HC.  Long-term consequences of perinatal fatty acid amino hydrolase inhibition. Br J Pharmacol. 2014 Mar;171(6):1420-34. doi: 10.1111/bph.12500 PMID: 24730060

21. Rimmerman N, Ben-Hail D, Porat Z, Juknat A, Kozela E, Daniels MP, Connelly PS, Leishman E, Bradshaw HB, Shoshan-Barmatz V, Vogel Z Direct modulation of the outer mitochondrial membrane channel, voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1) by cannabidiol: a novel mechanism for cannabinoid-induced cell death.  Cell Death Dis. 2013 Dec 5;4:e949. doi: 10.1038/cddis.2013.471. PMID: 24309936 [PubMed - in process]

22. Stuart JM, Paris J, Frye C, Bradshaw HB*.  Brain levels of prostaglandins, endocannabinoids and related lipids are affected by mating strategies. 2013 International Journal of Endocrinology Volume 2013, Article ID 436252, 14 pages,

23. Cha J, Bartos A, Egashira M, Haraguchi H, Saito-Fujita T, Leishman E, Bradshaw H, Dey SK, Hirota Y. Combinatory approaches prevent preterm birth profoundly exacerbated by gene-environment interactions. 2013 J Clin Invest. Sep 3;123(9):4063-75. doi: 10.1172/JCI70098. Epub 2013 Aug 27

24. Tortoriello G, Rhodes BP, Takacs SM, Stuart JM, Basnet A, Harkney T, Bradshaw HB*. Targeted Lipidomics in Drosophila melanogaster Identifies Novel 2-Monoacylglycerols and N-acyl Amides. 2013 PLoS ONE 8(7): e67865. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0067865

25. Caldwell MD, Hu SS, Viswanathan S, Bradshaw H, Kelly ME, Straiker A. A GPR18-based signaling system regulates IOP in murine eye. Br J Pharmacol. 2013 Mar 5. doi: 10.1111/bph.12136. [Epub ahead of print] PMID:23461720

26. Wu CS, Chen H, Sun H, Zhu J, Jew CP, Wager-Miller J, Straiker A, Spencer C, Bradshaw H, Mackie K, Lu HC.  GPR55, a G-Protein Coupled Receptor for Lysophosphatidylinositol, Plays a Role in Motor Coordination.  PLoS One. 2013;8(4):e60314. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0060314. Epub 2013 Apr 2. PMID: 23565223  [PubMed - in process]

27. Slusar JE, Cairns EA, Szczesniak AM, Bradshaw HB, Di Polo A, Kelly ME. The fatty acid amide hydrolase inhibitor, URB597, promotes retinal ganglion cell neuroprotection in a rat model of optic nerve axotomy.  Neuropharmacology. 2013 May 2. doi:pii: S0028-3908(13)00164-0. 0.1016/j.neuropharm.2013.04.018. PMID: 23643752

28. Guindon J, Lai Y, Takacs SM, Bradshaw HB, Hohmann AG.  Alterations in endocannabinoid tone following chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy: Effects of endocannabinoid deactivation inhibitors targeting fatty-acid amide hydrolase and monoacylglycerol lipase in comparison to reference analgesics following cisplatin treatment.  Pharmacol Res. 2013 Jan;67(1):94-109. doi: 10.1016/j.phrs.2012.10.013. Epub 2012 Nov 2.

29. McHugh D, Wager-Miller J, Page J, and Bradshaw HB*. siRNA knockdown of GPR18 receptors in BV-2 microglia attenuates N-arachidonoyl glycine induced cell migration.  J Mol Signal. 2012 Jul 26;7(1):10. [Epub ahead of print]

30. Ho JM, Smith NS, Adams SA, Bradshaw HB, Demas GE. Photoperiodic changes in endocannabinoid levels and energetic responses to altered signaling at CB1 receptors in Siberian hamsters. J Neuroendocrinol. 2012 July; 24(7):1030-9

31. Berlanga O, Bradshaw HB, Vilella-Mitjana F, Garrido-Gómez T, Simón C. How endometrial secretomics can help in predicting implantation. Placenta 2011 Jun 21. [Epub ahead of print]

32. Bradshaw HB* and Allard CM. Endogenous cannabinoid production in the rat female reproductive tract is regulated by changes in the hormonal milieu.  Pharmaceuticals 2011, 4, 933-949;

33. McHugh D, Page J, Dunn E, Bradshaw HB*. Δ(9) -THC and N-arachidonoyl glycine are full agonists at GPR18 and cause migration in the human endometrial cell line, HEC-1B. Br J Pharmacol 2012 Apr;165(8):2414-24. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2011.01497.x. PMID: 21595653.

34. Rimmerman N, Juknat A, Kozela E, Levy R, Bradshaw HB, Vogel Z. The Non-Psychoactive Plant Cannabinoid, Cannabidiol Affects Cholesterol Metabolism-Related Genes in Microglial Cells. Cell Mol Neurobiol 2011 Apr 30. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 21533611. PMCID:

35. Rimmerman N, Bradshaw HB, Kozela E, Levy R, Juknat A, Vogel Z. Compartmentalization of endocannabinoids into lipid rafts in a microglial cell line, which is devoid of caveolin-1. Br J Pharmacol 2011 Mar 30.

36. Lee SH, Raboune S, Walker JM, Bradshaw HB*.  Distribution of endogenous farnesyl pyrophosphate and four species of lysophosphatidic acid in rodent brain.  Int J Mol Sci 2010 Oct 15;11(10):3965-76

37. Schicho R, Bashashati M, Bawa M, McHugh D, Saur D, Hu H-M, Zimmer A, Lutz B, Mackie, K, Bradshaw HB, McCafferty D-M, Sharkey KA, Storr, M.  The atypical cannabinoid O-1602 protects against experimental colitis and inhibits neutrophil recruitment.  Inflammatory Bowel Disease 2010 Nov 15 [Epub ahead of print]

38. Sun X, Xie H, Yang J, Wang H, Bradshaw HB, Dey SK. Endocannabinoid signaling directs trophoblast stem cell fate and differentiation to placental development. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A  2010 Sep 28;107(39):16887-92. Epub 2010 Sep 13.

39. Smoum R, Bar A, Tan B, Milman G, Attar-Namdar M, Ofek O, Stuart JM, Tam J, Kram V, O’Dell D, Walker MJ, Bradshaw HB, Bab I, Mechoulam R.  Oleoyl serine, an endogenous N-acyl amide, modulates bone remodeling and mass. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2010 Oct 12.

40. McHugh D, Hu S S-J, Rimmerman N, Vogil Z., Walker JM, Bradshaw HB*. N-arachidonoyl glycine, an abundant endogenous lipid, potently drives directed cellular migration through GPR18, the putative abnormal cannabidiol receptor. BMC Neurosci 2010 Mar 26;11:44.

41. Hirota Y, Daikoku T, Tranguch S,  Xie H, Bradshaw HB, Dey SK. Uterine-specific p53 deficiency confers premature uterine senescence and promotes preterm birth in mice. J Clin Invest 2010 Mar 1;120(3):803-15

42. Hu S S-J, Bradshaw HB*, S-C C J, Huang SM, Minassi A, Bisogno T, Masuda K, Roskosk R, Cravatt BF, Di Marzo V, and Walker JM. The biosynthesis of N-arachidonoyl dopamine (NADA), a putative endocannabinoid and endovanilloid, via conjugation of arachidonic acid with dopamine. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 2009 Oct;81(4):291-301.

43. Dowie MJ, Bradshaw HB, Howard ML, Nicholson LF, Faull RL, Hannan AJ, Glass M. Altered CB1 receptor and endocannabinoid levels precede motor symptom onset in a transgenic mouse model of Huntington’s disease. Neuroscience 2009 Jun 10 Epub

44. Bradshaw HB*, Rimmerman N, Hu S S-J, Benton VM, Stuart JM, Masuda K, Cravatt BF, O’Dell DK, Walker JM. The endocannabinoid anandamide is a precursor for the signaling lipid, N-arachidonoyl glycine through two distinct pathways. BMC Biochem 2009, 10:14

45. Koppel J, Bradshaw H, Goldberg TE, Khalili H, Marambaud P, Walker JM, Pazos M, Gordon ML, Christen E and Davies P. Endocannabinoids in Alzheimer's disease and their impact on normative cognitive performance: A case-control and cohort study. Lipids Health Dis, 2009 Jan 14;8:2

46. Rimmerman N, Bradshaw HB*, Basnet A., Tan B. Widlanski, TS. Walker JM. Microsomal omega-hydroxylated metabolites of N-arachidonoyl dopamine are active at recombinant human TRPV1 receptors. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat 2009 Jan;88(1-2):10-7. Epub 2008 Sep 2.

47. Huang SM, Lee h, Chung M-K, Yu YY, Bradshaw HB, Coulombe PA, Walker JM, Caterina MJ. Overexpressed transient receptor potential vanilloid 3 ion channels in skin keratinocyte modulate pain sensitivity via prostaglandin E2.  J Neurosci 2008 Dec 17;28(51):13727-37

48. Rimmerman N, Bradshaw HB*, Hughes HV, Chen JS-C, Hu SS-J, McHugh D, Vefring E, Jahnsen JA, Thompson EL, Masuda K, Cravatt BF, Burstein S, Vasko MR, Prieto AL, Walker JM.  N-palmitoyl glycine, a novel endogenous lipid that acts as a modulator of calcium influx and nitric oxide production in sensory neurons. Mol Pharm 2008 Jul;74(1):213-24 (e-pub April 18).

49. Hu S S-J, Bradshaw HB*, Chen J S-C, Tan B, Walker JM. Prostaglandin E2 glycerol ester, an endogenous COX-2 metabolite of 2-arachidonoylglycerol, induces hyperalgesia and modulates NFkappaB activity Br J Pharmacol 2008 Apr;153(7):1538-49.

50. Rimmerman N, Hughes HV, Bradshaw HB, Pazos MX, Mackie K, Prieto AL, Walker JM. Compartmentalization of endocannabinoids into lipid rafts in a dorsal root ganglion cell line. Br J Pharmacol 2007 Oct 29

51. Rubio M, McHugh D, Fernández-Ruiz J, Bradshaw H, Walker JM. Short-term exposure to alcohol in rats affects brain levels of anandamide, other N-acylethanolamines and 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol. Neurosci Lett 2007 Jun 29;421(3):270-4. Epub 2007 Jun 2

52. Burstein SH, Adams JK, Bradshaw HB, Fraioli C, Rossetti RG, Salmonsen RA, Shaw JW, Walker JM, Zipkin RE, Zurier RB. Potential anti-inflammatory actions of the elmiric (lipoamino) acids. Bioorg Med Chem 2007 May 15;15(10):3345-55. Epub 2007 Mar 13.

53. Tan B, Bradshaw HB, Rimmerman N, Hughes HV, Yu YW, Krey JF, Monn FM, , Chen J, Hu S S-J, O’Dell DK, and Walker JM.  Targeted Lipidomics: Discovery of New Fatty Acyl Amides. AAPS J. 2006 Jul 14;8(3):E461-5.

54. Bradshaw HB, Rimmerman N, Krey JF, Walker JM. Sex and hormonal cycle differences in brain levels of pain-related cannabimimetic lipid mediators. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2006 Aug;291(2):R349-58. Epub 2006 Mar 23

55. Walker JM, Krey JF, Chen JS, Vefring E, Jahnsen JA, Bradshaw H, Huang SM. Targeted lipidomics: fatty acid amides and pain modulation. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2005 Sep;77(1-4):35-45. Epub 2004 Nov 24.

56. Fernandez-Rodriguez CM, Romero J, Petros TJ, Bradshaw H, Gasalla JM, Gutierrez ML, Lledo JL, Santander C, Fernandez TP, Tomas E, Cacho G, Walker JM. Circulating endogenous cannabinoid anandamide and portal, systemic and renal hemodynamics in cirrhosis.  Liver Int. 2004 Oct;24(5):477-83.

57. Bradshaw HB, Berkley KJ The influence of ovariectomy with or without estrogen replacement on responses of rat gracile nucleus neurons to stimulation of hindquarter skin and pelvic viscera. Brain Res. 2003 Oct 3;986(1-2):82-90.

58. Bradshaw HB, Berkley KJ.  Estrogen replacement reverses ovariectomy-induced vaginal hyperalgesia in the rat. Maturitas 2002 41:157-165.

59. Berkley KJ, Cason A, Jacobs H, Bradshaw H, Wood E. Vaginal hyperalgesia in a rat model of endometriosis. Neurosci Lett. 2001 Jun 29;306(3):185-8.

60. Bradshaw HB, Berkley KJ. Estrous changes in responses of rat gracile nucleus neurons to stimulation of skin and pelvic viscera.  J Neurosci. 2000 Oct 15;20(20):7722-7727.

61. Bradshaw H, Miller J, Ling Q, Malsnee K, Ruda MA.  Sex differences and phases of the estrous cycle alter the response of spinal cord dynorphin neurons to peripheral inflammation and hyperalgesia. Pain. 2000 Mar;85(1-2):93-9.

62. Temple JL, Bradshaw HB, Wood E Berkley KJ.  Effects of hypogastric neurectomies on escape responses to uterine distention in the rat. Pain. 1999 Aug;Suppl 6:S13-20.

63. Bradshaw, HB, Temple, JL, Wood, E, Berkley KJ.  Estrous variations in behavioral responses to vaginal and uterine distention in the rat.  Pain. 1999 Aug;82(2):187-97.

* denotes corresponding authorship


Review articles


1.     Meccariello R, Battista N, Bradshaw HB and Wang H. Updates in reproduction coming from the endocannabinoid system. Int J Endocrinol. 2014;2014:378069. doi: 10.1155/2014/378069. Epub 2014 Jan 20. No abstract available.

2.     Leishman E, Kokesh KJ, and Bradshaw HB* Three classes of lipids and their roles in the neurophysiology of addiction: how sex steroids, prostaglandins, and endocannabinoids shape maladaptive behavior.  Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2013 Apr;1282(1):25-38. doi: 10.1111/nyas.12081. Epub 2013 Mar 19. PMID: 23510307

3.     Bradshaw, HB*, Raboune S, and Hollis JL.  Opportunistic activation of TRP receptors by endogenous lipids: Exploiting lipidomics to understand TRP receptor cellular communication.  Life Sci. 2012 Nov 20. doi:pii: S0024-3205(12)00688-1. 10.1016/j.lfs.2012.11.008. [Epub ahead of print]

4.     Bab, I; Smoum, R; Bradshaw, H; Mechoulam, R. Skeletal Lipidomics: Regulation of Bone Metabolism by Fatty Acid Amide Family. Br J Pharmacol 2011 Aug;163(7):1441-6.

5.     Bradshaw HB*, Lee SH, McHugh D.  Orphan endogenous lipids and orphan GPCRs: a good match. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat 2009 Apr 18 Epub

6.     Bradshaw HB*, Rimmerman N, Hu S S-J, Burstien S, and Walker JM. Novel endogenous N-acyl glycines: Identification and Characterization.  Vitam Horm 2009; 81:191-205.

7.     Bradshaw HB, Walker JM. The expanding field of cannabimimetic and related lipid mediators. Br J Pharmacol. 2005 Feb;144(4):459-65. Review.

Invited Commentaries


1.     Meccariello R, Battista N, Bradshaw HB and Wang H. Endocannabinoids and Reproduction. Guest editorial by Guest Editors of the special topics issue of the Int J Endocrinol. 2014;2014:412354. doi: 10.1155/2014/412354. Epub 2014 Jan 16. Review. PMID:24550985

2.     Bradshaw, HB.  CB1-induced side effects of specific COX-2 inhibitors: A feature, not a bug. Pain. 2010 Jan;148(1):5.

Book Chapters


1.     Stuart JM, Leishman E, and Bradshaw HB. Cannabinoids and Reproduction: the ups and downs and ins and out. In Handbook of Cannabis, Springer 2014

2.     McHugh D and Bradshaw HB.  GPR18 and NAGly signaling: New members of the endocannabinoid family or distant cousins?  In CANNABINOIDS: Actions at Non-CB1/CB2 Cannabinoid Receptors, Springer 2012

3.     Bradshaw HB.  Chapter 4: Other cannabimimetic lipid signaling molecules. In Cannabinoids and the Brain, Springer 2008